Growing in popularity, many are thinking of investing in items made from “bamboo fabric”. As a beginner, it might be confusing to see all the different types of bamboo fabrics and their properties.
Bamboo fabric is a broad term used to describe different textiles made from the bamboo plant. Used for thousands of years, it’s only in recent times that we have perfected the process of creating sustainable bamboo items.
Keep reading to learn about the different types of bamboo fabric and which one is best.
Different Types of Bamboo Fabric
There are three main types of bamboo fabrics, depending on the production process.
These are bamboo viscose, lyocell bamboo, and fine bamboo (otherwise called bamboo fibre or sometimes referred to as bamboo linen).
Also known as bamboo rayon, bamboo viscose comes from the bamboo plant’s cellulose and is the most common type of bamboo fabric. The cellulose is extracted from the plant before being turned into bamboo chips. Once soaked, the chips turn into pulp.
Bamboo viscose is the result of when the pulp is spun into threads that are woven into fabric.
Like bamboo viscose, lyocell fabric is produced in a similar way except that during the manufacturing process, the cellulose does not change its chemical composition.
The only downside is that lyocell fabrics have low thermal stability. Constant exposure to UV and sunlight may cause the fabric to lose its longevity. As such, bamboo viscose tends to last longer and wash better than lyocell bamboo.
Fine bamboo or “bamboo fibre” is time-consuming and labour intensive to produce as it involves the physical breakdown of bamboo into a pulp.
Compared to bamboo viscose and bamboo lyocell, this textile tends to be more coarse and less comfortable.
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